Friday, January 24, 2014

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What are the effects of bridge piers across a stream?

The presence of bridge piers across a stream causes constricted flow in the openings because of the decrease of width of stream owing to the presence of the piers. Moreover, it creates the following problems from hydraulic point of view:

(i) Local scouring at the piers and bed erosion may take place. To avoid the damage to the foundation of piers, some protective layers of stone or concrete apron could be provided around the piers.
(ii) The head loss induced by the bridge piers causes the backwater effect so that the water level upstream is increased. Consequently, this may result in flooding in upstream areas.
This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.


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